Yu. A. Izrael, I. M. Nazarov, M. L. Gitarskii, A. I. Nakhutin, and A. F. Yakovlev

The Kyoto Protocol: Problems of Ratification

5

D. B. Kiktev, D. M. H. Sexton, L. V. Alexander, and C. K. Folland

Trends in Fields of Precipitation and Surface Temperature Annual Extremes During the Second Half of the 20th Century

13

S. M. Semenov and E. S. Gelver

Sine Approximation of the Annual Course of Daily Mean Air Temperature in Russia in the Twentieth Century

25

V. F. Radionov, G. G. Sakunov, and A. A. Yakovlev

The Scattering of Light and Horizontal Transparency in the Antarctic Atmospheric Surface Layer

31

N. Ts. Gomboev and A. S. Batoroev

Time Correlations of the Vertical Gradient of the Atmospheric Refractive Index in Eastern Russia  

39

E. Sh. Elizbarashvili and M. E. Elizbarashvili

Estimation of Probability of Desertification of Steppe and Semidesert Landscapes on the Basis of the Concept of the Periodic Law of Geographical Zonality

44

N. P. Kuz'mina

Vertical Structure of Intrusions at Oceanic Fronts

49

T. I. Tarkhova, M. S. Permyakov, and A. S. Sergienko

Some Characteristics of Small-Scale Atmosphere—Ocean Interaction in Tropical Cyclones

60

A. M. Nikanorov, T. A. Khoruzhaya, A. G. Stradomskaya, and T. V. Mironova

Chemical Indices in the Assessment of Toxic Pollution of the Lower Don

68

V. G. Kalinin and S. V. Pyankov

Use of Hydrographic Characteristics of Rivers and Their Basins in Hydrological Calculations

75

B. M. Ginzburg, S. V. Borshch, N. D. Efremova, M. I. Silnitskaya, and K. N. Polyakova

Methods of Long- and Medium-Range Forecasting of Dates of the Maximum Spring Flood Level on European Russia's Rivers

81

R. A. Polyektov and V. V. Terleev

Modeling of the Water Retention Capacity and Differential Moisture Capacity of Soil

93
 REVIEWS AND CONSULTATIONS

A. M. Ovanesyants, T. A. Krasilnikova, and B. S. Letnikov

Environmental Pollution and Radiation Situation on the Russian Federation Territory in August 2002

101

G. I. Chekmasova  

Weather on the Russian Federation Territory in August 2002

106

A. P. Grechikha. L. V. Kirienko. and M. G. Naishuller  

Anomalous Hydrometeorological Phenomena on the Russian Federation Territory in July 2002

108

A. P. Grechikha. L. V. Kirienko. and M. G. Naishuller  

Anomalous Hydrometeorological Phenomena on the Russian Federation Territory in August 2002

113

A. M. Zvyagintsev, N. S. Ivanova, G. M. Kruchenitskii, and I. N. Kuznetsova

Ozone Content in the Russian Federation in the Third Quarter of 2002

117
 CHRONICLE Ya. M. Shvarts (75th Birth Anniversary)   125
Yu. B. Vinogradov (70th Birth Anniversary)   126
125 Years of Meteorological Station Blagoveschensk   127
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